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MEDICAL TERMINATION OF PREGNANCY WITH MIFEPREX & CYTOTEC

images-87If you realize you are pregnant within the first 10 weeks of pregnancy, medical abortion may be an alternative to surgical abortion. These tablets together are commonly known as the abortion pill. In a surgical abortion the pregnancy is removed through use of suction curettage, in medical abortion, however, "The Pill" is used to terminate and expel the pregnancy. The two drugs used for early medical abortion are Mifeprex (mifepristone) and Cytotec (misoprostol). The pill has been monitored in clinical trials in the United States and France, which have proven that the medical abortion has a success rate of 95% or greater for women 8 weeks pregnant or less. Since then, Mifeprex, also known as RU486, has been successfully used by over a half-million women to terminate early pregnancy. 

Mifeprex blocks progesterone, a naturally produced hormone that prepares the lining of the uterus for a fertilized egg and maintains pregnancy. By blocking progesterone, Mifeprex causes the lining of the uterus to soften and break down, then bleeding and cramps begin. Mifeprex is also being used in Second Trimester Abortions. Some possible side effects of this half of the process may include, but are not limited to, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, abdominal pain, dizziness, and headaches.

Cytotec is a prostaglandin that is commonly used to protect the stomachs of people who need to take daily doses of anti-inflammatory medication. When used in the abortion pill, Cytotec causes the uterus to contract, which helps to expel the pregnancy. The side effects of Cytotec include uterine cramping and bleeding. Other possible side effects may include nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, abdominal pain, dizziness, fever, and hot flashes.

In the United States there have been several deaths attributed to sepsis, or severe infection, following medical abortion. The risk of fatality using the pregnancy abortion pill is very low though at only 1 death per 125,000 patients, which is usually due to infection. Symptoms of severe infection include, but are not limited to, nausea and vomiting, diarrhea, weakness, and severe abdominal pain.

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